Turkish cultural and historical heritage in İzmir (
historical name was Smyrna) is not well-known by western countries.
İzmir is multicultural and multireligious city in the past, now and will be in the future.
Turkish presence in İzmir is dated back to 1076. İn 1076 İzmir (the harbour castle) was conquered by Emir Çakabey, who was one of the chief commander of the Turkish Selçuklu (Seljuk) empire. From this date, Turkish presence in İzmir (ancient name was Smyrna) was seen. Turks were settled on the slopes of Kadifekale ( ancient name was mount Pagus).
In 1096 İzmir was recaptured ( the harbour castle) by the east Roman empire with the aids of the knights of Rhodes , Cyprus and Malta. Turkish population were still living on the slopes of Mount Pagus. Christians, mainly İonian ( in other word, Greeks) were living on the costal area of the city . Ruling authority was East romans ( Byzantines).
1317 the city, except harbour castle, was entered into Turkish
sovereignty again. The harbour castle was in control of Byzantines and
knights of the Malta. The non-muslims were still living on the coastal
area, while Turks were livingon the slopes of Kadifekale. . In the early XV century the castle was conquered and destroyed by
army of Tamerline . Then the city castle was
given to the Turkish authority.
The harbour castle was rebuilt again in the Ottoman times
From 1076 to modern times there were a lot of Turkish heritage buildings such as hans (inn), kervansaray (caravanserai), mosques, medreres (higher education schools mainly based on theological studies), mansions. Some of them are still erected, some of them were disappeared by the time, some of them became ruins.
İn this chapter of web sites, all this heritages will be
published as separate web pages.
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Dr. Osman Koçanaoğulları - İZMİR